Truss Manufacturer Configurations for Oklahoma and Kansas

The function of a roof truss is to provide the overall support structure for your roof. It ensures that the weight of any roof covering, such as shingle or tile, is evenly distributed in a way that does not compromise the integrity of your home.

There are dozens of different roof truss configurations you could use. The final type depends on discussion and agreement between you, your architect and the truss manufacturer. Certain roof truss configurations will work better in some designs than others. A perfect example of this is using a parallel chord truss configuration for a flat roof. Whereas pitched trusses are more suitable for sloped roofs. So, your choice of truss configuration might already be decided by the style of roof you’re having installed.

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Wood Trusses Rank With Engineered Wood Products

There has been an incredible amount of research and development put into the strength, design, and manufacturing of trusses. Trusses and groups of trusses have been built and tested to the breaking point so the exact strength of a truss is known. Do all trusses have the same strength? Are trusses all user friendly? The answer is no due to the nature of framing and not all lumber has the same grade, density, and quality. Does it make a difference what grade of lumber is used and how the finished truss looks? Yes!

Trusses are often viewed as dimensional lumber tied together with plates and aren’t much different then stick framing or individual rafters. This couldn’t be farther from the truth! When you buy a truss, you’re not just buying some lumber! Trusses are in the category of engineered wood products. They have been designed to certain specifications based on extensive testing and are built to that end.

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Pros and Cons of Trusses vs Stick Framing

8e

When comparing two things, it’s best to compare apples for apples. If you are trying to decide if you will use trusses or stick framing, there are things to take into consideration that will make a difference in your decision making.

Although we want to compare apples for apples, some things can’t be compared equally because it’s actually not possible to do it as both trusses and stick framing have some situations where one isn’t an option.

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How To Successfully Order Trusses

7bThere is a wide range of people that order trusses from us with varied skill levels. Some of you are contractors and some of you are home owners or ‘do-it-your-selfers’. We welcome all customers and enjoy working with each and every one of you.

We want each customer to have as good an experience with us as possible. First, let’s define a successful project:

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Differences Between Trusses & Stick Framing, And Common Misconceptions

stick framing

Stick framing has been around for quite some time. Trusses are relatively new, so naturally trusses are not quite as well known or understood as stick framing. And even if you’ve known about trusses for a while, the industry is changing rapidly, so it’s good to get the latest news and details.

Difference Between Stick Framing & Truss:

Do you know what it means when we talk about stick framing a roof? Stick framing is building the roof on the construction site one piece or board at a time.

It starts with setting ridge and valley beams above the house walls. Then dimensional lumber, called rafters, are cut to fit one piece at a time and shoved up to a framer on the roof that’s balancing on scaffolding who installs the rafters.

Once the roof slope is complete, the ceiling still needs to be framed. This too is all cut to fit on the job-site one piece at a time. The roof and ceiling is literally “sticked” together.

A wood truss on the other hand is a structurally sound engineered building product. When a truss is installed on top of the walls, it builds the roof slope and ceiling at the same time as one structural piece.

Trusses can be designed in all shapes and sizes, and customized completely based on the project. The truss is built within our manufacturing facility and then fitted directly on the job-site. This reduces man hours on the job site, which reduces cost.

We can get everything designed and built within our facility, then ship the truss directly to the site and have it installed in no time.

Learn more about how we price our trusses and the possible designs you can implement.

Example — What Stick Framing Looks Like Compared to Trusses:

stick framing

This first image is from a roof project being constructed using the stick frame technique. As you can see circled in red on the left is a bunch of boards or “sticks” connected together to support the frame of the roof. However, this doesn’t look quite sturdy or safe. And the sticking together of boards is sloppy.

wood truss

Now, this image is from a roof project being constructed with wood trusses. As you can see within the red rectangle, everything is uniform, sturdy and well constructed. Here you have a solid roof structure that wasn’t “sticked” together. Instead, the roof is much more stable, strong and durable.

Here is a quick video showing the installation of trusses (sped up to 2x and 4x normal speed): 

Stick Framing & Truss Misconceptions:

Stick framing is cheaper than trusses. FALSE.

Identical houses have been built side by side different times using the two different methods and every time it costs less to use trusses. See link for information: https://www.sbcindustry.com/fad

Trusses are faster than stick framing. TRUE!

There are multiple instances were comparisons have been done side by side and trusses have always been faster. Here is a video one such comparison: https://www.sbcindustry.com/fad2

Trusses can clear span a great distance. TRUE!

We have built trusses with cathedral that were free spanning 64 foot!

A stick framed roof is more flexible to build what you want. HOW? Where are we talking about flexibility? Is it on the outside roof style, inside looks and walls, or what? I’ll talk more about this below as we need to go more in depth on this one.

Trusses don’t have room inside the webbing for any storage. FALSE.

Tell the truss engineer that you would like some room for storage and specify how much room you would like along with what kind of stuff you would like to store. Webbing can be changed to allow room or else a room can just be built right into the trusses. MiTek truss software automatically adds additional loading into the trusses anywhere a box 2 foot wide and 3 foot tall can fit between the webs.

Can trusses be used for attic area or bonus rooms? True!

This is very commonly misunderstood thing. Trusses can free span quite a distance and still have an attic room built in. Over a garage is a typical example. What’s more, they can allow room for stairs and design the trusses to handle that as well.

Are trusses better then stick framing? DEPENDS.

This questions is a little harder to answer and depends on what is being built. 9 times out of 10 trusses are better but I’ll explain more about that in the next post.

When 2 different things are compared or considered, it is good to compare apples for apples. If you are trying to decide if you will use trusses or go with the stick frame option, there are things to take into consideration that will make a difference on how you decide. So even though we want to compare apples for apples, some things can’t be compared equally because it’s actually not possible to do it as both have some situations where the other technique can’t perform as well.

Are all trusses created equal? NO!

The type of lumber being used to build the truss makes a large difference on how the truss turns out. It also makes a large difference how careful the truss company is when they build the trusses.

Does it matter what type of lumber is used on the truss? YES!

Think about it: the truss is constructed using lumber. The better the lumber quality, the better the truss. KNOW WHAT KIND OF LUMBER IS BEING USED TO BUILD YOUR TRUSSES! This is very important. Some lumber that companies use warps and will give you a bad experience. Most of the lumber we use is a White Fir or Hem Fir which is strong and very stable.

Which is the strongest and most stable, trusses or stick frame? Trusses!

It is a known fact that a trussed roof has less bounce then a stick framed roof. Think about a single board sitting by itself across a gap. It flexes when jumped on right? Now think of that board connected up with other boards in a triangular shape. Much stronger now right? That’s how trusses work.

Why do people still stick frame roofs when they can use trusses?

Stick framing has been around the longest and that’s just what some people know. Just because it has been around the longest doesn’t mean it’s the best though, right? Most people that still stick frame roofs do so because they haven’t learned otherwise or because they are unwilling to change. Or some people stick frame because they received a bad set of trusses from a truss company at one time. We take pride in our work and want every truss to fit perfect. We care about our customers and want them to be happy with what they order from us!

We just stick frame the roof because it’s less hassle and doesn’t take as long as ordering trusses. FALSE!

You will be surprised how easy it is to order trusses. Most phone calls to order trusses take between 5 to 10 minutes on average for a simple project. More complicated projects take a litte longer at times. Stick framing takes much longer than that.

Do trusses have any limitations? Sometimes but not often.

There are some projects that are designed in such a way that trusses just aren’t a good option. This happens most often on a roof with the ceiling following the roof joist or on a few special hip roofs with some unusual features. Most hip roofs are not a problem though.

One of the lines we like tell people are “Try us once and you’ll see just how good our trusses are!” We are quite confident that they will outperform and fit better than any set you’ve ever had. Remember, we can only build trusses to fit as good as the dimensions given to us are accurate. Starting with a squared and level concrete foundation or floor is also just as important for a perfect fit.

Please read our other blogs for helpful information and give us a call when you are ready to get a quote or order your trusses!

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Pricing Wood Trusses for Any Project: A Step-By-Step Guide

We wish we could provide an exact answer to the question – how much will my trusses cost?

Although we can’t provide the exact bottom-line number (without further consultation), what we can provide is a thorough pricing guide to help you understand how wood trusses are priced for homes, buildings and all projects.

Below you’ll learn about the most common truss design and how it’s priced for projects. You’ll also learn about other designs and how pricing is affected by the change in design. And to conclude, we’ve provided a simple home design with common dimensions as an example to help you understand the complete pricing process.

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Why Geographic Location is So Important in Truss Design

wood trusses

Geographic location is an important factor for truss design. Depending on your geographic location, your trusses will have to account for different amounts of wind and snow.

Timberlake TrussWorks has customers all across Oklahoma, Texas, and Kansas. That means we have lots of different climates and codes we need to consider.

When a customer orders trusses, we can’t proceed without knowing their geographic location. By analyzing the weather patterns and climate history in this geographic location, we can get accurate information about wind and snow loads in the area.

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Designing Wood Trusses to Accommodate Appropriate Spacing

Kansas wood trussesWhen it comes to designing wood trusses, the spacing of each truss according to each design is crucial. If you miscalculate any bit of the spacing and don’t consider the use of the building you’re constructing, then you’re likely to end up with a compromised structure that can present a hazard.

Today, we want to run through a design scenario to discuss how we approach design and our consideration of spacing. If you have any questions along the way, please don’t hesitate to reach out to our team. We’re happy to help – 580-852-3660

Here’s the design scenario:

Take trusses that are spaced 4’ apart. They are loaded for a post frame construction that has purlins on the top cord with metal screwed down to that.

The bottom of the truss is open and exposed from underneath although the building will be completely enclosed. So on this 30’ span truss, it is resting on 5 ½ inches at each end.

On that small surface, there is 1560 lbs. of weight on the bearing point. This is every 4’. So if the trusses were spaced out to 8’, there would be double that amount of weight.

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Consider Attic Uses When Designing Home Trusses

wood trusses in OklahomaFraming your home with trusses comes with some key advantages. Trusses tend to be cheaper and stronger than traditional framing methods.

But trusses have one more advantage: they’re also perfect for creating functional attics.

The attic is the natural area contained within the trusses and below the roof. When designing trusses, you need to consider future use of your attic space so you can design trusses accordingly.

Top 10 Uses for Attics

An attic is the space between the roof and the ceiling of your house. Many people leave attic space unused. However, the structural part of the roof can be modified in a cost-effective and inexpensive way to add valuable square footage to your home or business in the form of a useable attic area.

Here are some of the most common uses for attics:

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How Much Do Trusses Cost? – An Approximate Guide

Roof truss framing is a cost-effective way to build a roof. Today, more and more homebuilders use roof truss framing to save costs and build stronger roofs.

But how much do trusses cost? Today, we’re going to explain how pricing is evaluated and calculated by truss manufacturers and what you can expect when you consider purchasing a truss system for your next project.

An average 2,600 square foot house costs…

According to the study discussed below, we can give you some approximate pricing information for truss framing. These are general figures and will change according to whichever supplier you’re working with:

-Labor costs: 112 man-hours x $20/hour average = $2,240

-Equipment costs: Crane = $500

-Total bd. ft. lumber: 10,500 x truss manufacturer’s selling price per board foot:  $9,000 to $12,000

-Scrap disposal cost: 3 yards of lumber x $15/yard plus labor costs: $77

Total cost:  $11,817 to $14,817

Keep in mind that these statistics are for a 2,600 square foot house. Also, these are only approximate values. Labor, equipment and materials vary in price due to cost of living in varying locations. Since cost of living is much lower here in Oklahoma and the Midwest, these prices will be lower than the national average.

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